Aries A. Arugay, PhD
Professor of Political Science
Department Chair

Office: Silangang Palma
Trunkline: (63 2) 8981 8500 local 2380
Links: Google Scholar | Twitter

Aries A. Arugay joined the Department of Political Science as a regular faculty member in 2004. He teaches undergraduate and graduate courses on comparative politics, international relations, research methods, and political thought. He has received the University of the Philippines Centennial Professorial Chair/Faculty Grant from (2015-2018 and 2020) and the One UP Professorial Chair in Political Science (Comparative Democratization) from 2016 to 2021.He was also conferred the rank of UP Scientist II (2019-2021).

Aries’ main research focuses on the threats and problems faced by young democracies such as the Philippines particularly from undue military intervention (coup d’état), populism, polarizing social protests, and institutional breakdown. His MA thesis was about the 2001 People Power uprising in the Philippines. Aries expanded this for his doctoral dissertation as a comparative study of democratic regime crises in the Philippines, Thailand, Bolivia, and Venezuela. His other research interests also include ASEAN regionalism, Philippine foreign and security policy, and democratic erosion. He has published in academic journals such as the American Behavioral Scientist, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Asian Perspective, Journal of East Asian Studies, Journal of Peacebuilding & Development,  and Philippine Political Science Journal, and wrote several book chapters published by Routledge and Palgrave Macmillan. In 2015, the US-based Southeast Asia Research Group named him as a Young Southeast Asia Fellow in recognition for his achievements and potential as a scholar of Southeast Asian politics.

Aries was previously a visiting scholar at the Carter Center (Venezuela), Universidad Mayor de San Simón (Bolivia), Chulalongkorn University (Thailand), the University of Sydney (Australia), the Jeju Peace Institute (South Korea), and the National Institute of Defense Studies (Japan).

He is the Editor-in-Chief of Asian Politics & Policy, a Scopus-indexed journal in political science and international relations published by Wiley-Blackwell and the US-based Policy Studies Organization. He also serves in the editorial board of the Philippine Political Science Journal, the Philippine Journal of Social Sciences and the Humanities, the Voluntaristics Review, and the Local Administration Journal.

Aries was previously a fellow of Philippine-based think-tanks such as the Institute for Strategic and Development Studies, Inc. and the Asia-Pacific Pathways to Progress Foundation, Inc. For his efforts in contributing to regional cooperation in the Asia-Pacific, the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade awarded him an ASEAN@50 Fellowship in 2018. As a track-two diplomacy practitioner, he has participated in over a hundred international meetings, workshops, and consultations on regional security, geopolitics, democratic governance, and ASEAN integration.

Aries regularly conducts lectures and handles course modules for different training institutions such as the National Defense College of the Philippines, the Philippine Public Safety College, the Foreign Service Institute, and the Development Academy of the Philippines. He has taught and trained mid-career officials from the police, military, intelligence, diplomatic corps, and other institutions of the Philippine bureaucracy on topics such as Latin American politics, Philippine politics and governance, security sector governance, comparative homeland security, defense policy, and geopolitics. In 2019, he became a member of the Council of Fellows of the Philippine Public Safety College.

In recognition of his accomplishments, Aries received the 2019 Sheth International Alumni Award for Exceptional Achievement from his alma mater Georgia State University. This is in recognition for his “exemplary and longstanding record of achievement in teaching, research or public service in the international arena”. In 2020, the National Academy of Science and Technology of the Philippines awarded him as an Outstanding Young Scientist (Political Science) for his contributions to the “study of democratization processes and consolidation, security sector reform, and strategic studies in the Philippines and Asia”.

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science, Georgia State University, 2014
  • Master of Arts in Political Science, University of the Philippines-Diliman, 2004
  • Bachelor of Arts in Political Science (cum laude) , University of the Philippines-Diliman, 2000
Research Interests

Comparative democratization; civil-military relations; international relations of the Asia-Pacific; contentious politics; security sector governance

Courses Taught
  • Political Science 11: Introduction to Political Science
  • Political Science 14: Philippine Government and Politics
  • Political Science 143: Readings in Comparative Politics
  • Political Science 157: Special Topics in Philippine Government and Politics (Philippine Democratization)
  • Political Science 160: Society, Government, and Politics
  • Political Science 162: Politics of Change
  • Political Science 130/170: Introduction to Comparative Politics
  • Political Science 177: Special Topics in Comparative Government and Politics (Comparative Democratization)
  • Political Science 180: Introduction to International Relations
  • Political Science 199: Research in Political Science
  • Social Science 2: Social, Economic, and Political Thought
  • International Studies 290: Theories of International Relations
  • International Studies 209: Readings in International Relations
  • International Studies 261: Contemporary International Issues and Trends
  • Political Science 270: Comparative Politics
  • Political Science 271: Latin American Politics
  • Political Science 299: Research in Political Science
  • Political Science 320: Special Problems on Comparative Government and Politics (Democratic Erosion)
Recent Publications

Journal Articles:

Baviera, A. S., & Arugay, A. A. (2021). The Philippines’ Shifting Engagement with China’s Belt and Road Initiative: The Politics of Duterte’s Legitimation. Asian Perspective, 45(2), 277-300.

Sinpeng, A., Gueorguiev, D., & Arugay, A. A. (2020). Strong fans, weak campaigns: Social media and Duterte in the 2016 Philippine election. Journal of East Asian Studies, 20(3), 353-374.

Arugay, A. A. and Slater, D. (2019). “Polarization Without Poles: Machiavellian Conflicts and the Philippines’ Lost Decade of Democracy, 2000–2010.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 681:1, 122-136. DOI:

Slater, D. & Arugay, A. A. (2018). Polarizing Figures: Executive Power and Institutional Conflict in Asian Democracies. American Behavioral Scientist 62(1), 92-106. DOI:

Book Chapters:

Arugay, A. A. and Kraft, H. J. S. (eds). 2020. Toward an Enhanced Strategic Policy in the Philippines. Quezon City: Center for Integrative and Development Studies, University of the Philippines.

Arugay, A. A. (2020). “Charmed and Weakened: China’s Diplomatic Overtures and Democratic Erosion in the Philippines.” In S.C. Hsu and J.M. Cole (eds.), Insidious Power: How China Undermines Global Democracy. Manchester: Eastbridge Books, pp. 237-265.

Arugay, A. A. (2019). “Fall from Grace, Descent from Power? Civil Society after Philippine Democracy’s Lost Decade.” In I. Deinla and B. Dressel (eds.) From Aquino II to Duterte (2010-2018): Change, Continuity, and Rupture. Singapore: ISEAS–Yusof Ishak Institute, pp. 285-308.

Arugay, A. A. & Sinpeng, A. (2018). “Varieties of Authoritarianism and the Limits of Democracy in Southeast Asia.” In Mark Beeson and Alice Ba (eds.) Contemporary Southeast Asia, 3rd ed. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 91-110.

Arugay, A. A. (2017). “Credibility and Cohesion: Institution-Building for an ASEAN of the 21st Century.” In Mari Elka Pangestu and Rastam Mohd Isa (eds.) ASEAN FutureForward: Anticipating the Next 50 Years. Kuala Lumpur: Institute of Strategic and International Studies, pp. 125-135.

Bresler, R. J., Krasynska, S., Pikulik, A., Arugay, A. A. & Smith, D. H.(2016). “Civil Liberties and Freedoms as Association Contexts”, In D. H. Smith, R. A. Stebbins & J. Grotz, (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Volunteering, Civic Participation, and Nonprofit Associations. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

Other Publications:

Arugay, A. A., Batac M., & Street, J. (2021) An Explosive Cocktail: Counterterrorism, Militarisation, and Authoritarianism in the Philippines. London: Saferworld.

Arugay, A.A. (2021) “The Generals’ Gambit: The Military and Democratic Erosion in Duterte’s Philippines”, Heinrich Böll Stiftung – Southeast Asia, February 18.

Arugay, A.A. (2021). “Post Covid-19 Economic Recovery: ASEAN Resilience, Adaptation and Growth.” In Pich Charadine and Robert Hör (eds.) The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic: National And Regional Implications. Phnom Penh: Cambodian Institute for Cooperation and Peace and Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Cambodia, pp. 134-150.

Arugay, A. A. (2020). “The Military and Authoritarianism in the Philippines: Enduring Legacies, Pernicious Consequences.” Social Science Information, 47-48: 5-8.

Atienza, M. E. L., A. A. Arugay, J. Encinas-Franco, J.R. R. Go, & R. A. L. Panao. (2020). “Constitutional Performance Assessment in the Time of a Pandemic: The 1987 Constitution and the Philippines’ COVID-19 Response” International IDEA Discussion Paper 3/2020. Stockholm and Quezon City: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance and University of the Philippines Center for Integrative and Development Studies. DOI: 

Atienza, M. E. L., A. A. Arugay, F. J. A. Dee, J. Encinas-Franco, J. R. R. Go, R. A. L. Panao, & A. J. D. Jimenez. (2020). Constitutional Performance Assessment of the 1987 Philippine Constitution: Summary of Findings. Stockholm and Quezon City: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance and University of the Philippines Center for Integrative and Development Studies. DOI: 

Arugay, A. A., C. Misalucha-Willoughby, & J. Amador III. 2019. “Quad to Zero? Filipino Perceptions of the Quad, the Indo-Pacific, and the Alliance System.” APPFI Research Paper RSA-2019-04. Quezon City: Asia Pacific Pathways to Progress Foundation Inc.

Arugay, A.A. (2017). “The Next 50 Years of ASEAN, The Diplomat, August 1.

Arugay, A.A. & M.I. Magcamit. (2017). “Duterte’s Populism and Philippine Foreign Policy: Implications for China-Philippine Relations”, China Policy Institute Analysis, China Policy Institute, University of Nottingham, March 7.